FATA #18 — Design of Nova Poshta.

Execution Summary

Context view

Execution summary

Client request: The Nova Poshta is aiming to be a major national player of delivery small and medium parcel to the door. Nova Poshta already providing warehousing and cargo long-distance delivery (mainly for drop-shipping) and following new Business Strategy opening a new separate branch of last-mile delivery service for marketplaces of various sizes (small & medium, non-food). The company needed transportation management and automated route planning software. It has to be integrated with the already existing business systems. Nova Poshta want to offer our customers the easiest and fastest possible way to deliver their goods from their hands to address/customer. Nova Poshta want to offer loyalty incentives for our frequent customers as well. Apps for customer and couriers and pick-up places/sorting centers/employees.

  • The total delivery time optimization and loss minimization
  • Overhead reducing, covering all logistics processes in the company with a single system
  • Growth of the return on each vehicle unit and increasing the whole gross profit
  • Take as much as we can from market share
  • Minimum operational costs
  • Business continuity and growth
  • Reduce cost and time spends on route planning and control to increase revenue from transportation services
  • Optimize fleet maintenance cost to grow up the return on each vehicle unit
  • Build an organic and interconnected business ecosystem to cover all logistics operations and scale profits through modules’ synergies
  • Highly configurable (support of several configuration layers: country, customer)
  • Highly extendible (adding of new features without interruption)
  • Calculates optimal routes and schedule and lists for delivery
  • Simplifies authentication for customer

Use cases

Concerns
CRN-1: Establishing an initial overall structure as this is a greenfield system.

List of ASRs

  • Availability — 24/7, 99.9%, one region, 2–3 availability zones
  • Reliability — processing client requests even when Core System (WMS is down), fault masking, supporting eventual consistency
  • Interoperability — support syn/asyns messaging with Core System, supporting CORE System APIs, integration with 3rd party (payment system, weather, road traffic)
  • Configurability — enabling Fleet Manager to create new Post Office and configure parcel’s and other parameters manually (via portal, no coding skills are needed)
  • Performance — UI/App click response time 2–3 seconds
  • Security — integration with LDAP/AD, logging attacks, and fraud suspicious, support GDPR and PII, data should be encrypted by async key
  • Scalability — depends on peak time resources to be auto scale in/out to support demand during a day

List of Assumptions

  • Core system already provides capabilities marked green (refer to next slide)
  • Core System provides all required Internal/External integration via API, creating any new direct integrations is out of scope
  • Target solution to be Cloud-based, Mobile Clients to be PWA based
  • Loyalty Program — SMS/Email notification capabilities are already exist on a customer side and out of scope
  • Loyalty Program — contain simple one report based on customer order’s/return’s/complain’s history, Marketing User use this report to support any loyalty initiatives manually
  • 3rd parties components to be used to accelerate implementation — Road Optimization, Notification (SMS/Push), Payment provider, Portal CMS

Capability view

WBS (Work-break down) & Estimations

Project Schedule

Resource Plan

Conceptual diagram

Modules decomposition

Business view

AWS Reference Architecture & Deploymeny diagram

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